Child development is referred as a progression during which developmental changes in skills, as well as physical growth take place. It encompasses several areas: social (emotional), physical (motor), communicational and adaptive. Child development happens in an orderly manner and may slightly vary, depending on individual cases.
These are general description of the key periods in child development stages.
1. Infants/Babies (0-2 years old)
The bounds between a mother and a baby are one of the strongest. To have a baby is exciting and amazing for every parent. Every child is unique and this is the time when parents will discover baby’s personality. A baby learns basic skills and tries to communicate his needs in different forms. It is very important to set a physical contact with the baby, because this will be the base for developing child’s emotions in the future.
2. Toddlers/pre-schoolers (2-5 years old)
During this period children become more independent. Now they can walk without help of their parents and discover the world. They start asking millions questions and look for explanation for everything that happens around them. The stage is characterised by rapid physical and intellectual development, hence. it is probably the best time to develop talents and skills of a child related to art, foreign languages, and physical exercises.
3. School Age Children (6-12 years old)
Mom and Dad are not the sole authorities for the kids of this age and they frequently criticize their parents. Children becoming more independent and, often, rely on the opinion of their peers. However, it still may be a challenge to teach them self-discipline and responsibility. Parents should become more patient, praise and encouragement helps to overcome issues.
4. Adolescents/Teenagers (13 – 18 years)
Probably one of the most difficult periods in becoming an adult is adolescence. It is a challenge for both, parents and children. Teenagers behave in a passive-aggressive manner, often rejecting the authority of grown-ups, and, first of all, of their parents. They get to the new level of independence and responsibility for their own future. More than anything at this stage, a child needs support and open communication with the parents.